Turkish Journal of
Cardiovascular Nursing
Original Article

Knowledge Level of Individuals Applying Cardiology Outpatient Clinic About Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases: A Cross-Sectional Study


Department of Nursing, Kilis 7 Aralık University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kilis, Turkey


Department of Nursing, Sanko University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gaziantep, Turkey


Department of Nursing, Gaziantep University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gaziantep, Turkey


Department of Tuberculosis War Dispensary,Gaziantep Public Health Institution,Gaziantep, Turkey


Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey

Turkish Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 2022; 13: 22-27
DOI: 10.5543/khd.2022.210611
Read: 1209 Downloads: 302 Published: 25 April 2022

Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the knowledge levels of the individuals, who applied to cardiology outpatient clinic, about the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and the influencing factors.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a state hospital between July 2017 and August 2017. “Cardiovascular disease risk factors knowledge level” scale was applied to the participants (n = 304). Data were analyzed with mean, standard deviation, frequency, and t-test by using SPSS 23 software.

Results: There was no significant difference between the patients diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases and those without the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases in terms of scores of the cardiovascular disease risk factors knowledge level scale (P > .05). The mean score of the patients, who had high school and higher education level, received training about cardiovascular system diseases, did regular exercises, had hypertension, and had body mass index of 25-29.9 kg/m2, was found to be the highest (P < .05). It was determined that the knowledge levels of the participants about cardiovascular diseases were above the moderate level.

Conclusion: The scheduled training activities should be organized to increase the awareness levels of individuals about primary and secondary prevention measures. Individuals with increased awareness are more likely to implement healthy living behaviors. 

Cite this article as: Doğan U, Ovayolu N, Ovayolu Ö, Aytaç S, Gülpak M. Knowledge level of individuals applying cardiology outpatient clinic about risk factors for cardiovascular diseases: A cross-sectional study. Turk J Cardiovasc Nurs 2022;13(30):22-27.

EISSN 2149-4975