Turkish Journal of
Cardiovascular Nursing
Original Article

The Relationship Between Metabolic Syndrome Risk, Physical Activity, Sleep Quality, and Fatigue in University Students


Department of Physiotherapy, Gümüşhane University, Gümüşhane, Turkey

Turkish Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 2022; 13: 9-13
DOI: 10.5543/khd.2022.210905
Read: 720 Downloads: 198 Published: 25 April 2022

Objective: Healthy life behaviors such as regular physical activity, healthy nutrition, regular sleep, and smoking cessation play an important role in protecting against metabolic syndrome. This study was planned to investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome risk, physical activity, sleep quality, and fatigue among university students.

Methods: This research was conducted in Health Services Vocational School studying in Turkey. The study sample consisted of 319 students who complied with the criteria of inclusion for the study. The data were collected using the “Demographic Information Form,” “Metabolic Syndrome Research Form (MSAF),” “Pitsburg Sleep Quality Scale (PSQI),” “Fatigue Severity Scale,” and “International Physical Activity Questionnaire (Short).” Statistical analyses were performed with NCSS (Number Cruncher Statistical System) 2007 Statistical Software (Utah, USA) package program.

Results: In total, 319 people, including 100 men (31.35%) and 219 women (68.65%), participated in the study. The mean age of the participants was 20.80 ± 2.24. A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between MMSAF values and PSQI values (r = 0.250, P = .0001). A statistically significant negative correlation was observed between MSAF values and IPAQ values (r = −0.175, P = .002). A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between MSAF values and fatigue values (r = 0.485, P = .0001). No statistically significant correlation was observed between IPAQ values and PSQI values (r = −0.058, P = .303). A statistically significant negative correlation was observed between IPAQ values and fatigue values (r = −0.137, P = .014).

Conclusion: It is known that metabolic syndrome has become widespread due to the current lifestyle. With the support of the literature, it is stated that physical activity, sleep quality, and fatigue to prevent metabolic syndrome are related and of great importance for public health. For this reason, we think that physical activity, sleep quality, and fatigue awareness should be brought to the whole society to prevent metabolic syndrome.

Cite this article as: Arslan M, Aydın EB. Üniversite Öğrencilerinde metabolik sendrom riski, fiziksel aktivite, uyku kalitesi ve yorgunluk arasındaki İlişki. Turk J Cardiovasc Nurs 2022;13(30):9-13.

EISSN 2149-4975